Explain the pathophysiology of anaphylaxis?

Explain the pathophysiology of anaphylaxis?

NUR2407 Week 2 Case Study – Anaphylaxis (October 2019)
<span itemprop=”name”>NUR2407 Week 2 Case Study – Anaphylaxis (October 2019)</span>
Each Case study should be between 2 -3 pages – Not including the patient description and reference page.

Each study should have two academic references (textbooks, reference books, or research article) in APA format. Websites such as WebMD, Mayoclinic.com, and NursingRN.com are not considered academic references.

Responses should be in your own words and not directly copied for other texts. Plagiarism and academic dishonesty is not tolerated.

The studies do not need an APA title page, headers, or running head. You may answer the question directly on the document, but please use a different colored font that is readable.

Case Study – Anaphylaxis

M.J. is a 45 yo Caucasian female. Following a dinner with her friends, where she consumed 2 glasses of wine and shrimp stir-fry, she presented to the emergency room complaining of “Feeling hot and itch all over. Something bad is happening”.

Her initial vital signs were T 99.8 °F temporal, heart rate 100 bpm, respiratory rate 28 bpm, and blood pressure 100/58 mmHg. Oxygen saturation 85% on room air. Her physical assessment noted:

· Red skin rash around the face, neck, and hands

· Bilateral wheezing in all lung field

· Swelling to the lips

· “I am having troubles catching my breath”

After being seen by the attending physician, M.J is diagnosed with anaphylaxis reaction and the following medication are prescribed:

· Oxygen 2L nasal cannula, titrate to keep sats above 90%

· Intravenous solution of 0.9% at a keep vein open rate

· Epinephrine 0.3 mg IV Stat

· Diphenhydramine 25 mg liquid IV now

· Prednisone 20 mg PO now

M.J. makes a full recovery and is discharged home with a prescription for an Epipen and to follow-up with an Allergist.


1. Explain the pathophysiology of anaphylaxis?

2. Name three nursing priorities?

3. List a short-term (before discharge) and a long-term (within one week) SMART goal for the patient?

4. What is the classification, action, and therapeutic effect (reason) for each medications?

5. List drug interactions or contraindications to be concerned about for each drug?

6. What adverse effects/side effects does the nurse need to monitor for each medication?

7. What are some ethical or legal issues to consider with this case?

NUR 2407 Case Study – Anaphylaxis

NUR 2407 Case Study – Anaphylaxis

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